Summer Vegetables | 13 Best vegetables to grow

Homegrown Summer Vegetables and herbs are far better, in comparison to the vegetables you bring from the market in taste and nutritional value. Homegrown Summer Vegetables are completely chemical-free which is useful for the maintenance of good health as they are purely organic vegetables.

Those who grow vegetables at home know about their importance. There is no comparison between the homegrown vegetables and the ones you purchase from the market. So, if you have a little bit of land for gardening then you can also enjoy fresh homegrown vegetables this summer season.

There is no need to worry even if you do not have land for gardening. You can easily convert your terrace or your balcony into a summer vegetable garden. 

If you wish to prepare your vegetable garden at home, and if you are unaware of gardening then your worries end here.  

Now you can also plant a variety of  Summer Vegetables, herbs, and even fruits in the pots on your terrace or balcony.

Which vegetables you can grow in the summer season?

Although many vegetables can be grown in the summer season, we will talk about some vegetables that can be easily grown in pots/containers.

  • Note: Prepare a mixture for Seedling Tray
  1. Coco peat 50%
  2. Vermicompost or Compost made from kitchen waste 50%

Now fill this mixture in the seedling tray.

Soil Mix for Seedling Tray

13 Best Summer Vegetables That Can Be Grown In Containers

Brinjal | Summer Vegetables

It is the first in the row amongst our homegrown Summer Vegetables. Brinjal plants are heat tolerant, due to which they grow well in summers. There are many varieties of brinjal, and all these varieties can be easily grown in pots. The brinjals are ready to harvest in about 4 months.

Sow seeds in a seedling tray at about 1 cm deep and cover them with soil. Within 15-20 days you will see seedlings sprouting out in the seedling tray. Now, you can transfer the seedlings to the pots.

Seedling Sprouting Out

For good fruiting, a single plant should be planted in a 14-20 inches pot or a grow bag. If you have a big container, then the distance between the two plants should be at least 10-12 inches. Flowering starts in brinjal plants in 2.5 to 3 months. And after about 6 months, fruits will start appearing on your brinjal plant. Now you can start harvesting.

Brinjal Plant - Summer Vegetable

Apple Gourd | Summer Vegetables

Apple gourd is one of the most liked Summer Vegetables. Sow the apple gourd seeds in the seedling tray and wait for the seedlings to grow. Take care of one thing that when the soil of the seedling tray starts to dry then spray it with a little water to keep the soil moist. After the seedlings are germinated with 3-4 leaves then it is ready for transfer into the pots.

You can transfer these plants in a 14-inches pot. In 30 to 35 days, female flowers start coming out, and in 50-60 days, Apple gourds are ready for harvesting. Harvest them before maturing because raw apple gourd is very tasty after cooking.

Apple Gourd - Summer Vegetable

Bitter Gourd | Summer Vegetables

The third Summer Vegetable that can be grown in the summer season is the bitter gourd. Soak bitter gourd seeds in water overnight. Now sow the soaked seeds in a seedling tray. The seedlings will germinate in 15-20 days, now they will be ready to be transferred into the containers

Like the roots of other vegetables, their roots also spread a lot, so they need large containers. Keep in mind that the distance between the two plants should be at least 14 to 20 inches. In about 30 – 60 days, its vines become 5 feet long.

With the help of rope and bamboo, you can make a structure on which you can easily help the bitter gourd vine to climb and spread in all directions.

Structure made with the help of Rope and Bamboo

Flowering starts on them in 50 days. Bitter gourds are ready for harvesting in about 60-75 days. Further harvesting can be done at an interval of 2-3 days as the fruits may mature and turn red.

Bitter Gourd vines - Summer Vegetable

The crop of bitter gourd takes about 55-60 days from seed sowing to reach the first harvest. Further pickings should be done at an interval of 2-3 days as bitter gourd fruits mature very fast and turn red.

Okra | Summer Vegetables

One of the easiest Summer Vegetables that can be grown in pots is okra. Sow the seeds in the seedling tray. After 15-20 days, the seedling germinates with few leaves, and then we can transfer them into the pot. You can plant, 2 plants of ladyfinger in a 10-12 inches pot. After 50-60 days, flowers start to bloom in it. The okra is ready for harvest after 2 months.

Okra Plant - Summer Vegetable

Chillies | Summer Vegetables

March-April is the best month for growing chillies. It is the most important ingredient in vegetables which adds taste and flavor to the dishes.

This plant is heat tolerant, so it thrives well during the summers. Prepare chilli seedlings by planting seeds in a seedling tray.

After 15-20 days, 3 to 4 leaves appear in the seedling tray then you can transfer them into the pots. And when it grows up to 3-4 inches, cut its growing tip.

By plucking the top tip, a lot of side branches start growing out, and your plant will be dense as well as producing lots of chillies. Flowering starts after 30 to 60 days. After 70 to 80 days, your chillies become worth harvesting. If we continue to take good care of our plants, then we will continue to harvest the fruits in the same manner for 3-4 months.

Chilli Plant - Summer Vegetable

Spinach | Summer Vegetables

You can also plant spinach in March and April. The spinach is grown in abundance during the winters, but you can grow it at your home in this season too. Sow the spinach seeds directly in the pots 1 cm below the soil and put a light layer of soil on top of it.

Spinach can be grown in pots of any size. Its roots do not go too deep, so you can take pots that are less in-depth and more in width. All seeds germinate in 10-12 days. Within 50 days harvesting can be done, when the leaves of the spinach plant grow at least 3 to 4 inches long. Harvesting the leaves keep bringing new leaves in them.

Spinach Plant - Summer Vegetable

Cucumber | Summer Vegetables

The next in number is our favorite summer vegetable that is cucumber. It forms the main part of the salads. Cucumber is used to prepare detox water which is good for health.

Cucumbers - Summer Vegetable

Prepare the seedling by planting cucumber seeds in the seedling tray. Once the seedling is ready in 15-20 days, transfer it into 24 inches or even bigger pot. With the help of rope and bamboo, you can make a structure. On which you can easily help the cucumber vine to climb and spread in all directions. It starts flowering in 35-55 days.

Cucumber is ready for harvesting in 50-70 days depending on the variety. Before it turns yellow harvest them. You can harvest cucumber repeatedly for 2-3 months.

Coriander | Summer Vegetables

Coriander is an integral part of all the summer vegetables as it is mostly used in the preparation of all the dishes which not only adds flavor but also helps in the dressing of the dishes.

To grow a lot of coriander in the pots, you can take the whole coriander from your kitchen and crush it lightly so that the coriander splits from the middle. Now, soak it in water for the whole night. Plant the soaked seeds in 1 to 1.5 cm deep soil in the pot. Coriander will grow densely in a duration of 4 to 5 weeks,

Once the coriander plant reaches the height of around 5 to 6 inches, you can harvest it. The plant will continue to grow and you will be able to harvest fresh coriander from time to time.

Coriander - Summer Vegetable

Mint | Summer Vegetables

March-April is the best time to grow the mint plant. Homegrown mint is chemical-free, flavourful. Its taste and aroma are far better than the one you bring from the market.

Bring fresh mint from the market and cut it into 4 to 5-inch pieces. Now remove all the leaves from the stem leaving the leaf nodes in the stem itself. Put the stem in such a way that one of the leaf nodes is inside the soil.

How to plant mint stem in pots

Roots will form from the leaf node that is underneath the soil and leaves will start sprouting from the leaf nodes that are above the soil within a 15-20 days time span. 

In 1–1.5 months, your entire pot will be filled with mint.

Mint plant - Summer Vegetable

The Mint Plant likes warm and humid places. Keep it in partial shade to avoid direct sunlight. You can harvest it 3-4 times.

  • You can, not only plant vegetables and herbs but also plant fruits in the pots. Always buy fruit grafted plants from any nearby nursery in your city or you can get them online. While purchasing fruit plants, make sure that the plant is not grown from the seeds, but they should be grown only by grafting or air layering. Because seed-grown plant takes 3–5 years of hard work to produce fruits, while a grafted or air-layering plant starts bearing fruits the same year or the following year.
Grafted Plant

Sapodilla / Sapota

If you are fond of eating sweet and delicious sapota, then you can fulfill your wishes by planting sapota at home. You can easily grow the sapota plant in the pots and with proper care, it will produce a lot of fruits.

Bring a sapota grafted plant from your nearby nursery or purchase online. Plant it in 24 inches or bigger pot. Flowering will start after 1 year. It blooms two times a year (Feb- March, Oct – Nov). The plant takes approximately 4 months to mature the fruits. Harvest them carefully.

Sapota Plant


If you want speedy growth of fruits in your guava tree then always bring grafted plants. It is a small tropical tree that reaches up to 5 to 6 meters in height. If proper pruning is done it will not exceed 3 meters in height.

Bring a grafted plant from a nearby nursery or purchase online. Plant it in a 12-inches pot. Flowers begin to bloom from October to November. It will take 2 to 4 months to mature after flowering. The fruits will start to grow and ripen, and then you can harvest sweet and delicious guavas.

Guava Plant


There are many grafted varieties of lemons that not only grow easily in the pots but give tremendous fruiting throughout the year. The plant will reach up to 5–4 feet in the pots.

You can plant it in a 24 inches pot or a larger pot. Within few months, flowers will start blooming on it. It takes 5-6 months for the lemons to grow and ripen. Within 6 to 7 months, when they become yellow, they are ready for harvesting.

Lemon Plants


You can also grow a pomegranate plant comfortably on your terrace or balcony. Take a grafted plant of pomegranate and plant it in a 12-inches pot. In 4 to 5 months, flowers will start blooming on it.

 Keep in mind that we should not pluck fruits from small plants, till the plant turns 1-1.5 years old. Keep plucking the flowers that come on it.

When your plant will become 1-1.5 years old, stop plucking its flowers. After flowering, it will take 4 to 5 months for the fruits to ripen. Now you can harvest the juicy pomegranates.

Pomegranate Plant

NOTE: If you are planting vegetable and fruit plants in a container, then for good fruiting you will need a well-drained organic soil rich in nutrition.

To make the best potting soil you need –

  • Garden soil 50%
  • Any type of compost 30%
  • Cocopeat or River Sand 20%

You can easily grow all kinds of vegetables and fruits in this potting soil. If you are opting for container gardening then you will have to purchase the seeds of the best quality because the best quality seeds will give you the best results. Seeds can also be purchased at any major agricultural shop or online.

Some important care tips for your Summer Vegetables

Vegetables planted in March bear fruits when the summer season is at the highest peak that is in the months of May-June. The temperature remains higher on the roof than on the ground. If the temperature of the place where you live is very high, the plants need to be protected from the scorching heat of the sun. Put a shade of green net over the plants, because by putting a net shade, the plants will be protected from the heat.

Manure for the Summer Vegetables | Container Vegetables

Vegetables are grown in a limited source and have less soil in the pots as compared to the vegetables that are grown on the ground. Therefore, for the growth of plants, organic fertilizer rich in nutrition is required at every stage. In every 15 days, add 2 handfuls of any fertilizer-Vermicompost / homemade compost, to your vegetable pots and do a little puddling. Never use chemical pesticides or chemical fertilizers.


Take special care to provide sufficient water to the plants. Never allow your pots of soil to dry completely during the summers. Always keep the soil moist. Try to water the plants in the morning, never water in the afternoon as it causes withering of the plants. Overwatering also spoils the plants, so water only when you feel that the top surface of the potting soil is drying up.

All fruits and vegetable plants need sunlight for good fruiting, so keep the pots in a place where they get 5-6 hours of sunlight.

Organic Pest Management

In the summer season, mostly white insects i.e. aphids mealybugs, and spider mites can appear on vegetable plants. To get rid of them, mix 5ml of neem oil in 1 litre of water, and spray it at a regular interval of 15 days on the plants.

So dear friends, there is no need to worry if you do not have land to prepare a garden. You can enjoy planting 100% organic vegetables and fruits in containers/pots on your terrace or even on your balcony.

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