Container Vegetables | 7 Best Vegetables to Grow

In today’s time, growing container vegetables are becoming a favorite hobby of most people. It is appreciated and liked by many as it requires less amount of space and it’s easy too. Truly, there is a need also because homegrown vegetables are fresh, nutritionally rich, and chemical-free.

 Before growing Container Vegetables at home, we have to take care of some basic principles.

Choosing the Right Location for Growing Container Vegetables

If you want to grow Container Vegetables at home, especially for people who live in apartments, then, first of all, an important point has to be kept in mind. Wherever you want to plant vegetables, there should be an adequate amount of sunlight. There is a requirement of a minimum, 5 to 6 hours of sunlight because sunlight is a necessary and an important factor for the proper growth of plants and vegetables.

Selection of Containers 

Nowadays, there are many types of pots available in the market, such as Clay Pots, Cement Pots, Ceramic Pots. In these, you will get a variety of designs and a combination of colorful pots.

The Plastic Pots is a better option for those who live in the apartments. A wide range of these kinds of pots are available in the market, and you can also buy them from e-commerce websites.

Hanging pots also come in this category. The trend of hanging pots has increased nowadays, and it looks beautiful too.

If you choose any pot for growing vegetables, keep in mind that the depth of that container/pot should be 10-12 inches.

Types of Containers

Preparation of Soil 

The third important factor is the preparation of soil. Always use organic fertilizer because it is best suitable for plant growth. If you have a nursery, open field, or garden near you, you can bring soil from there too. You can also make Organic Compost from your kitchen waste.

 To make best potting soil you need to prepare soil with a mixture of :

  • Garden soil 50%
  • Any type of compost 30%
  • Cocopeat or River Sand 20%

Selection of Seeds for Container Vegetables

Now comes the matter of seeds. Always use seeds of the best quality and good company/ brand. Always use hybrid quality seeds as they will enable the good growth of your plants.

Care for Plants | Container Vegetables

The next important step is how to take proper care of plants?

Plants have to be taken care of, like a small child. We have to be aware of when plants have to be watered, fertilized & harvested? 

In the beginning, you can use less manure. Keep in mind that water should not stop in your containers. Improve your soil drainage.

If we take good care of our plants, we will be able to eat good and nutritious vegetables. You will learn all these things slowly and gradually through your journey, from sowing seeds to reaping ripe vegetables. All these things can only be possible through your experience and the efforts put in by you.

As soon as you imbibe with your gardening experiences, you can easily carry out new experiments independently in your garden.

When you take care of all these things, you will not only save your health: you will also save your money.

Now it comes to which Container Vegetable should be grown in the beginning.

7 best Container Vegetables to Grow at Home

Start with small plants in Your Vegetable Garden. There are two options for planting Container Vegetables. Firstly, you can grow plants through seeds. Secondly, you can also apply via transplant.

In the beginning, you can transplant small plants from any nearby nursery. Transplanting or replanting is the process of moving plants from one place to another place.

Start with good quality seeds. The advantage of using seeds is that you can take as many as you want to scatter without any wastage.

There are some plants and herbs which grow fast. Small containers can be used to plant them. Some such plants and herbs which can be a part of your organic garden are mentioned below. 


  • Sowing time: Early Summer 
  • Harvest time: 70-100 Days

There are few methods to grow tomatoes and you can choose any one, which you feel is easy and comfortable. Firstly, you can plant tomato seeds in your containers and then lay light soil over them. The second way is to cut the tomatoes that are available in your kitchen, into round shapes, and then plant them 1 to 1.5 inches below the soil in the containers. Inspect your soil’s surface daily. To keep the soil moist, sprinkle it with some water. The seeds will sprout in 5–10 days.

Tomato plant as container vegetables

Transplant seedlings when they are 5-6 inches long. Remove bottom leaves of the seedlings and plant them as deep as possible. Deep planting in the soil helps them grow better and stronger. At the time of transplanting, cover the three-fourth part of the seedling with the soil mix. After transplanting, give the plants a thorough watering. As the plants grow taller, support them with the help of a stick and tie them loosely with a thread. Give them nutrients in the form of organic composts from time to time to produce well. After transplanting, you will see the fruit will appear within 70 to 100 days. Now you can harvest the tomatoes one by one when they become red with the help of garden scissors.

2. Brinjal

  • Sowing time: Summer 
  • Harvest time: 50-60 Days

Brinjal plant or eggplant is a member of the tomato family. Purchase good quality seeds from the market, or bring small plants from your nearby nursery. Transplant them into your containers.

Sprinkle seeds onto the surface of the soil mix. Now lightly cover these seeds with the soil mix. Water them with the help of a shower as not to dislodge the seeds. Keep the pot in a shady area. Give one hour of sunlight to your plants either in the morning or in the evening. The seeds will sprout in 5 to 10 days. Brinjal plant gains size faster than tomato or chilli plants. When the plant reaches 4-6 inches in height, then it will ready for transplant.

Brinjal plant as container vegetables

Transplant it very carefully so that the root ball remains intact and does not get disturbed during this procedure. Space the plant 8-10 inches apart from each other. After the transplant, keep them in a shady area for 2-4 days and keep the soil a little moist all the time. Water thoroughly from time to time. As your plants grow bigger: you need to give support to the plant by using a stick and tie it up loosely with a thread. Harvest them after 50-60 days after transplanting. Harvest the brinjal as they become young. Now you can harvest the brinjal one by one with the help of garden scissors.

3. Chilli

  • Sowing time: Early Summer 
  • Harvest time: 60-90 Days

Green chilli can be grown from the seeds. Buy good quality seeds from the market. Or you can also pick chilli from your kitchen and remove the seeds from it. You can also use these seeds.

Sprinkle the seeds on the soil surface and cover them with a fine layer of soil mix, You should inspect your container daily whether the top surface of the soil is drying or not. If the soil is dried up then you have to sprinkle it with little water to make the soil moist.

Chilli plant as container vegetables

Transplant your seedlings when they are 5-6 inches long. Remove bottom leaves and plant them as deep as possible. For abundant crops, plant your chilli plant in a group as it is of great help in better pollination. The plants need an adequate amount of sunlight for healthy growth. It will take at least 60-90 days to harvest depending on the variety of the chilli. Homegrown chilli has excellent color and taste.

4. Spinach

  • Sowing time: Spring
  • Harvest time: 40-50 Days

Spinach is a green, leafy vegetable that is high in nutrients and low in calories. It contains vitamin k and is a great source of iron.

Spinach plant as container vegetables

Spinach seeds are sown in a single row. Spinach plants do not require much care after germination. The spinach plant becomes ready for harvest within 40-50 days after germination. When the plants have grown to at least 3-4 inches long then you can harvest them. Always pick the outer leaves from the base, and leave the inner part to continue growing for the next harvest. Cut the spinach leaves with the help of a knife or gardening scissors.

5. Mint

  • Sowing time: Summer 
  • Harvest time: 50-60 Days

Mint is the most Aromatic herb in the kitchen. Mint can be easily planted by removing some stems from the grown plants of the Mint itself. Now plant the stems at a distance of 1/2 inch in your container.

Mint plant as container vegetables

The roots start to form within 10 to 14 days and the plants will start to grow with new leaves in 3 to 4 weeks. They will start growing just like a new Mint plant and it will spread all around your container. You can also put the mint in the hanging containers.

 The leaves can be plucked individually if you just need a few. The more you pick, the more the herbs will grow.

6. Lettuce

  • Sowing time: Summer 
  • Harvest time: 50-60 Days

Lettuce comes in many varieties and you can choose any one of them. Lettuce can be easily grown using the best quality seeds. But, if you can’t wait till the lettuce sprouts, then you can also bring small seedlings from your nearby nursery and plant them in your containers.

Lettuce plant

Water your lettuce plant as soon as the soil becomes dry. The soil should always be moist until they sprout. Lettuce plants need at least 8-10 hours of direct sunlight. Lettuce plants take about 50 to 60 days to harvest. Cut only the outer leaves as needed. This will help the plants to grow again for the next harvest. Morning is the best time to harvest when the leaves are crisp.

7. Cucumber

  • Sowing time: Summer 
  • Harvest time: 60-70 Days

Cucumber is a very simple plant to grow at home. Mostly all the people like it in their salads. Cucumber is used to prepare mouth-watering pickles and is also used widely in the preparation of detox water which is very healthy for our body.

Cucumber plant as container vegetables

You can bring good quality seeds from the market. Sprinkle seeds into your containers or directly in your garden soil and cover them with a thin layer of soil. Water the plants regularly. As it is a vine, it needs ample space for its vines to run. It will take 60 to 70 days to harvest. Now you can harvest the cucumber one by one when they mature with the help of garden scissors.

Hope you will surely boost your hobby and enjoy fresh, chemical-free, and nutritionally rich homegrown vegetables.

These are some of the easily grown vegetables especially for our new friends in their journey of gardening. 

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3 thoughts on “Container Vegetables | 7 Best Vegetables to Grow”

  1. Pingback: Summer Vegetables | Best vegetables to grow -

  2. Excellent information about gardening. I will surely try to grow some veggies in the containers. Very good tips. It will help me a lot. Thanks for sharing. Will read your other blogs too.

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