Organic Compost | Make compost from kitchen waste.

Whenever we make organic compost from kitchen waste, it smells very bad, so let us know how we will prepare compost that is free from foul smell.

If you are fond of gardening and having a small garden, vegetable/ flower pots, then what I am going to tell you, after that, you will stop throwing your kitchen waste in the dustbin.

Here I will be telling you,

  1. How you can make organic compost from your kitchen waste and garden waste?
  2. How can you get the best organic fertilizer for your plants that is full of nutrition and also absolutely free? 

Composting is a method of decomposing kitchen waste into fertile organic fertilizer.

How much time does it take to decompose?

Any guesses….a week, a month, 2 months, or a year. No, this is not the correct answer. The kitchen waste takes 70-80 days in summer whereas 100-120 days in winter to completely decompose.

In the first 20-25 days, many types of kitchen waste begin to decompose. The waste requires time to decompose and you have to be patient enough and wait till it decomposes. Never be in a hurry otherwise you will not get quality compost.

Points to consider during the process of composting:

If you put the waste in plants that have not fully decomposed, it will prove to be a drawback rather than a benefit. The disadvantage will lead to the risk of fungus growing in the roots of the plants. When the waste starts to decompose, it will carry all the oxygen around them, which will result in the death of the plant.

If you remove the raw compost in the middle and put it in the plants, then there may be a loss in the place of benefit. It causes the risk of fungus growing in the roots of your plants. When organic matter decomposes, they carry all the oxygen around them, which can cause the death of the plant.

By the way, in the market, you will get different setups to make organic compost from kitchen waste. But here, I will teach you how to make a basic setup.

Compost Bin / Pot Selection to make a Organic Compost: 

  • You can take any clay pot that is 10 inches deep and 12 inches wide.
  • Consider it according to your need and availability as well.
  • Choose any plastic pot, vegetable carets, bucket, dustbins, etc.
  • Whatever you choose, you should keep in mind that there should be a drainage hole in it. If your compost bin or anything you choose is big then it should have at least 4-5 drainage holes. Place some pebbles on the drainage hole, so that it does not stops the hole while preparing the compost.
  • You can also purchase Terracotta Home Composter from e-commerce websites.

Organic Compost Cycle:

Layering the Dry Leaves, Soil, compost, and Kitchen waste:

Organic Compost Cycle
  • The first layer in your pot/bin will be dry leaves, which you can easily find in your garden. If you do not have dry leaves, then you can spread small pieces of newspaper. (Dry leaves should be your priority.)  
  • The second layer will be of garden soil.
  • The third layer will be of compost (Vermicompost, compost made up of cow dung, etc.)

Note: The advantage of this layer is that they already have micro-organism in it which helps in converting the kitchen waste into compost within a reasonable time.

Note: If you do not have garden soil, then, you can skip it.

  • The forth and final layer of kitchen waste can now be put down.

Now you have to repeat the above 3 steps till you make 3-4 layers. You will notice as the material below keeps on decomposing, the volume will start decreasing. If you are having 2-3 members in your house, then it may take about a month to fill it.

An alternate you can do is can collect kitchen waste over a day or two in a separate bin and then transfer it to the compost bin.

Be sure to make a layer of dry matter on it (Kitchen waste) each time. It is necessary to make a dry layer so that there is an equal circulation of air in the compost bin, which is vital for composting micro-organisms and also ensures that it does not stink.

What are the things that will not be included in kitchen waste?

Thigs that will not be included in kitchen waste
  • Don’t add a cooked item.  
  • Do not add non-vegetarian items.
  • Avoid milk products.
  • Keep away bakery products.

NOTE: The compost bin should never be kept under direct sunlight.

Care to be taken:

After your compost pot is filled, now sprinkle little water on it and cover it so that it remains moist. After 30 to 40 days you can now remove the dry layer which is on the top of the bin to see the actual position of your compost. If your pot is small, it may roughly take around 40 to 50 days or more to prepare. If your compost bin is large, then it may take more time to get ready. This will depend on how big your compost bin is as well as how many times the kitchen waste has been added to it.

Note: After every 2 to 4 days sprinkle a little amount of water on it.

Don’t forget to place a tray under the compost bin. This is because when the compost is being formed a dark color liquid comes out of it. This liquid can be stored and used as a substitute for water to sprinkle in the compost bin which will in turn speed up the composting process. You can also use it as a liquid fertilizer. For using it as a fertilizer you have to mix 50ml of the liquid in 1 liter of water and pour it into the plants.

How will you know that your compost is completely ready?

First of all, keep in mind that whenever you take out compost or whenever want to see it, you must wear gloves in your hands. When you will remove the top dry layer you will notice that the bottom layer would have completely decomposed and its color has turned brittle black. You may see some insects also; you should not worry about them because these insects are helpful in the composting process. If you feel that compost is completely ready, then you can take it out of the bin. But, if you feel that the compost requires a little more time then you can cover it again. Whenever you wish to see the compost, you should stop watering it for a week. After one week has passed without watering the compost, now you can have a look.

To store the Organic compost:

  1. Dry it in sunlight for 2 to 3 hours.
  2. After it has dried, now you have to filter it and then store it. After filtering, some thick crumbles will be left which can be reused while making compost.

Conclusion:

With the help of this process, you can easily make organic compost at home from kitchen waste which will be organic, chemical-free, and best in comparison with any other compost.

It contains all kinds of enzymes, plentiful nutrients, and beneficial microbes, which are very important for nourishing the roots of any plant.

At least once everyone should try to make Organic compost from kitchen waste. It has many benefits. The prime one is that we helping to keep the environment clean and the compost which we obtain is chemical-free, organic, and homemade.

Also Read: How To Start A Vegetable Garden At Home?

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